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2-bromobutane

CAS No. 78-76-2 | Catalog No. 200025


Synonyms
butane; 2-bromo-; (±)-; sec.-butylbromid; sec-C4H9Br; secondarybutylbromide; bromo-tert-butane; bromobutane; 2-; methylethylbromethane; methylethylbromoomethane


Properties

Boiling Point 91°C (lit.)
Form Liquid
Melting Point -112°C
Solubility <1g/l

Application
It is utilized in the synthesis of non-nucleosides. It is used as a solvent as well as an intermediate in organic synthesis. It is an important raw material used to prepare Grignard reagent by reacting with magnesium. Further; it reacts with hydrocyanic acid to prepare sodium salt to get (+-)-sec-butyl cyanide. It is an important raw material used to prepare Grignard reagent by reacting with magnesium. It may be used in the synthesis of series of non-nucleosides.


General Description
It is an alkyl halide. Degradation by reductive dehalogenation in the presence of nickel-aluminum alloy in potassium hydroxide solution has been reported. Gas chromatographic determination in mixture of alkyl bromides has been reported. Stereochemistry of dehydrobromination over KOH-silica has been investigated. Viscosities of binary mixtures  and the isomeric forms of butanol have been evaluated at 298.15 and 313.15K. 2;2-dibromobutane; meso-2;3-dibromobutane and dl-2;3-dibromobutane are formed as major photobromination reaction products; during its reaction with molecular bromine. Smaller yields of 1;2-dibromobutane and 2;2;3-tribromobutane are also obtained in this reaction.

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